The Palácio do Vimioso Library results of the support given by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) through the “Programa Nacional de Reequipamento Científico”, project REEQ/999/HIS/20052005 - "On the identity of Southern Portugal: Material Culture, Discourse and Representation" ( ) to the research centers in History of the Évora University (CIDEHUS, CEHFCi e CHAIA), which allow to collect in a single space well infrastructure and with eighteen individual working spaces, a total number of more than 5000 titles, from which we highlight the section of Arabian Studies.